oleh: Muhammad Fauzan
Between Muhammad Iqbal and Sigmund Freud on “Self”
This thesis is the result of library research that aims to examine the thought of Muhammad Iqbal and Sigmund freud about “self” and how to analyze of thought both these figures.
This research uses bibliography research methods with qualitative approach. Reviews on Muhammad Iqbal and Sigmund Freud is used to answer the problems. Further analysis using the historical methods to find how the lives of these two figures out and how they development their ideas and those who influenced them by thoughts before. Descriptive analysis methods is used to explain both ideas on self in a clear.
The results said that the self or ego for Iqbal called Khudi, which is the center and foundation of all life, is the will of God rationally directed. For Freud the self was a parts of ego from areas that exist in the mind of individuals who work rationally as a system of control between id and super ego. There are interplay areas between one to another.
Both thoughts on self are different but there are suitability from those that the ego is the center of life is a center of human performed activities.
Keywords: Iqbal, Freud, Self.
Further words click attachment below